Leaving behind the realm of code and venturing into the world of leadership, I uncovered the pivotal importance of goal setting in steering my team towards success. As I share my experience, strategies, and mental models that have shaped my leadership journey, you'll uncover the secrets to becoming a more effective leader and empowering your software development team.
1. The North Star Principle
Every great journey begins with a destination in mind. As a leader, it's your responsibility to define the overarching goals that will serve as your team's North Star. In my experience, these goals tend to emerge from acute stakeholder business needs, but it's important to not attempt to be "everything for everyone". These goals should be clear, concise, and inspiring, providing a sense of purpose and direction for your team.
2. Break It Down
Now that you have established your team's North Star, break these overarching goals down into smaller, actionable objectives. This process, akin to turning a mountain into a series of manageable steps, allows your team to focus on the immediate tasks at hand, making progress more attainable and visible.
Once broken down into actionable objective, it's critical to take a step back and sequenced these objectives to ensure your team is tackling the most important tasks at any given time.
I recommend using the Eisenhower Decision Matrix (aka The Eisenhower Method) to accomplish this:
3. The SMART Way
In the realm of goal setting, the SMART framework is a powerful tool to ensure your objectives are Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant, and Time-bound. This framework helps you set realistic goals that challenge your team without pushing them beyond their limits.
Let's take these one-by-one:
The goal should be specific and clear. When drafting the objective, try to answer the five "W" questions:
- Why is this goal important?
- Who is involved?
- What do I want to accomplish?
- Where is it located?
- Which constraints are involved?
A measurable goal is a trackable goal. And if we can track it, we can assess progress and feel the positive effects of dopamine as we make our way to accomplishing the goal. Consider the following:
- How will I know when it is accomplished?
- How many?
- How much?
Attainable goals lend themselves to forward progress and momentum. However, there's admittedly a fine balance between what is doable, and what is beyond our teams abilities. An achievable goal will typically answer question the question: "based on known constraints, how realistically attainable is this goal?"
Simply put, this goal needs to be important enough to expend resources to tackle it. A relevant goal should answer "yes" to most (if not all) of the following:
- Is accomplishing this goal worthwhile?
- Is this the right time?
- Does this match our needs and/or efforts?
- Is the right person tackling this goal?
Target dates and deadlines help us focus and work towards an end date. They also aid in prioritizing tasks.
4. Foster a Growth Mindset
Having a growth mindset is highly beneficial when it comes to accomplishing goals. Unlike a fixed mindset, a growth mindset encourages team members to view challenges and setbacks as opportunities for learning and growth. This mindset allows our team to be more resilient, adaptable, and creative when it comes to problem-solving. By fostering a growth mindset in your team, you can set goals that promote skill development and encourage innovation.
It's important to celebrate progress and recognize the efforts of team members, even when goals are not fully achieved. Rather than viewing setbacks as failures, encourage your team to reflect on what they learned and how they can use that knowledge to move forward. By embracing a growth mindset, you can create a culture of continuous improvement and increase your team's capacity for success.
5. Keep Your Eyes on the Prize
As a leader, it's essential to maintain focus on your team's goals and ensure that everyone is aligned with your vision. Regularly revisit and reassess these objectives to ensure they remain relevant and aligned with the ever-changing landscape of software development.
In my experience utilizing the Scrum methodology affords leaders many such checkpoints. For instance, daily stand-ups are ideal for ensuring all team members are focused and aligned on the most relevant tasks that support the teams overarching goal(s).
6. Empower with Autonomy
Effective goal setting is not just about defining objectives, but also about empowering your team to take ownership of their tasks. Encourage your team to set their own goals, providing guidance and support when needed. This fosters a sense of autonomy, boosting motivation and engagement.
For more on this topic, check out Build Trust within your Team.
7. Measure, Reflect, and Adjust
As a leader, it's crucial to measure your team's progress towards their goals. Collect data, analyze results, and reflect on the successes and areas for improvement. Be prepared to adjust your goals and strategies as needed, embracing the iterative nature of software development and leadership.
As I briefly touched on above, Scrum (and Agile) methodologies help ensure your team is adjusting and improving throughout the software development lifecycle. One easy way to measure and reflect is to quickly show the sprint burn-down chart at the start of your daily stand-up.
Additionally, it's been my experience that without Spint Retros, teams will incur latent debt, inefficiencies and/or bad practices that can compound overtime. Which is why, in my view, spending the time on Sprint Retros pays down said debt and will help your team operate more efficiently. This will also ensure learnings are incorporated into subsequent sprints.
In conclusion, goal setting is an indispensable skill for software development leaders, providing direction, motivation, and a sense of purpose for your team. By defining clear objectives, breaking them down into actionable tasks, utilizing the SMART framework, fostering a growth mindset, maintaining focus, empowering autonomy, and measuring progress, you can elevate your leadership skills and help your team reach new heights. Embrace the unconventional wisdom and strategies shared here, and watch your team flourish under your expert guidance.